The national lockdown in Nepal has caused an immense downfall in people’s livelihoods. The Dalit community is one of the …
In Nepal, NGOs supported by KIOS, have worked to enhance the rights of women, the rights of people with disabilities and the language rights of ethnic minorities. In addition, KIOS partners have documented violations of human rights in Nepal, including economic, social and cultural rights (ESC- rights).
From Monarchy to Democracy
The end of the civil war in 2006 marked the beginning of a more peaceful era in Nepal. Soon after the civil war, an interim constitution was written; however, drafting a new constitution was a long aching process. Finally in 2015, a new constitution was passed and approved whilst causing opposition. This was particularly in Southern parts of Nepal where the new constitution was seen discriminatory towards some ethnic groups.
Nepal is a multiethnic society with more than hundreds of languages; therefore, being able to consider the rights of different ethnic groups in the legislation and in decision making has been difficult, though not impossible. Most regions in the country have one or two dominant ethnic groups.
In Nepal, one of the most common reasons for dropping out of school is the fact that children don’t understand the Nepali language, which is the common teaching language. KIOS supports the realization of language rights in Nepal which also promotes equal possibilities for education.
Building a Network of Women Human Rights Defenders
Also Women’s rights need to be enhanced in Nepal. Even in the newly adopted constitution, the rights of women and men are not equal. Violence against women is a long continued problem, which surfaced also during the April 2015 earthquake –many women ended up homeless, and faced sexual violence and harassment.
KIOS supports work combatting gender based violence and promoting women’s rights. The NGOs supported by KIOS have worked against trafficking and worked to build a nationwide network of women human rights defenders in Nepal.